Our vision directly addresses KURINJI’s focal interest: our love for the environment. We actively work to find the most sustainable and innovative materials available. Whether it is recycled, vegan, compostable or free of chemicals, every little step matters to preserve the health of our planet. No trace of polyester or polyamide is used for the main material of our pieces. In fact, some of our garments use cotton thread for sewing, as we are working towards the complete removal of polyester sewing threads from our entire collection. We use materials like hemp, cotton, lyocell, viscose, linen, modal, cupro, nettle, wool and cruelty free silk.
“Ethical, Responsible, Human(ely)-made.”
Our vision directly addresses KURINJIS focal interest: we care for the environment.
We actively work to find the most sustainable and innovating materials available.
Whether is recyclable, vegan, disposable or free of chemicals, every little step matters to preserve the health of our planet.
to the roots
Mulmul, also known as Muslin, is a pure cotton fabric characterized by its soft and fine weave.
It is a lightweight and breathable material, which is perfect for summer clothing, since it absorbs moisture and keeps the body cool.
What is GOTS?
The Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) was developed by leading standard setters to define world-wide recognised requirements for organic textiles. Textiles complying by GOTS are made to enhance (or at least not harm) people’s lives.
GOTS covers the processing, manufacturing, packaging, labelling, trading and distribution of textiles, ensuring that both environmental and social standards, such as safe and hygienic working conditions, no workplace discrimination and fair pay rates, are respected.
Cuprammonium rayon is a regenerated cellulose fabric made from cotton waste. It was first discovered in France, then first industrialized in Germany at the end of the 19th Century.
It is one of the synthetic fabrics that most resemble silk, and it is often used as its substitute.
100% Plant Based and Fully Biodegradable
Cupro is produced in a closed-loop, which means that the chemicals used can be extracted afterwards and the water can be reused. Despite its added chemicals and solvents, many consider cupro’s ecological footprint to be lower than comparable large-quantity, artificial materials.
Industrial hemp is an incredibly sustainable and versatile crop that is able to produce a range of products.
Hemp cultivation spread easily because it is simple to grow. It needs very few resources to grow, in fact thanks to its natural resistance to most insects, hemp does not require the use of pesticides and other chemicals. This means fertilizers aren’t needed as the crop grows densely and regenerates quickly.
The hemp fiber is pleasant to the touch, absorbs excess moisture while maintaining a constant body temperature and is totally hypoallergenic. In addition, hemp is durable and resistant to heat and mold.
Industrial hemp is an incredibly sustainable and versatile crop that is able to produce a range of products. These include: textile, paper, ropes, insulation material, fibre boards, bioplastics, compost, animal bedding, fuel, paint, feed, food, dietary supplements, cosmetics and medicinal preparations.
Hemp has a crucial role in a greener and more sustainable society. It is excellent at carbon sequestration, rapidly capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere.
For every tonne of hemp produced, 1.63 tonnes of CO2 is removed from the air. Hemp absorbs 15 tonnes of CO2 per hectare. This is approximately equivalent to 34,496 miles travelled by an average car.
Essentially, hemp is a cost-efficient and sustainable crop which does not require pesticide use. Substituting a wide range of materials for hemp would have positive economic and environmental impacts.
Jacron is a sustainable vegan leather alternative made from cellulose and often used in the global textile and apparel industry. It commonly replaces leather patches on jeans and other denim products.
Jacron has high strength, durability, and resistance to abrasion. It’s used in the fashion industry to make clothing, footwear, and accessories. It’s also found in a variety of domestic products.
Vegan, Animal-Free Leather
This animal-free alternative is known for its excellent dimensional stability. Jacron is a type of paper material and a standard name for a fabric with similar qualities to animal-derived leather.
Jacron is usually responsibly sourced and produced. It’s widely recognized as a vegan-friendly and viable alternative to many leather-based products.
Linen is a natural fiber made from the fibers of the flax plant, Linum usitatissimum. The flax fiber, from which linen is made, is hollow and absorbs moisture well — to be precise, it can absorb up to 20% of its own weight in water before starting to feel damp.
Besides absorbing moisture well, linen fibers are also able to release it fast. The flax plant is hollow allowing for higher air permeability, thus linen fabric dries out quickly and doesn’t stick to the body.
Linen has many health properties — some claim it heals wounds faster and helps cure some skin diseases, such as eczema. But most importantly, linen is hypoallergenic and is perfect for those who have sensitive skin or suffer from allergies.
Lyocell is an eco-conscious fabric. It is light and versatile, and used in everything from casual wear to underwear to activewear.
It is a type of rayon, like viscose and modal. These cellulose fibers are all made in a similar way: by dissolving wood pulp and using a special drying process called spinning.
In production, Lyocell requires less energy and water than conventional cotton. As a plant-derived fibre, Lyocell is also biodegradable, but only it isn’t mixed with other synthetic fibers like nylon or colored with harmful conventional dyes.
There are two main ways Lyocell differs from most other fabrics made from wood fibre.
Lyocell is treated with the NMMO process. The solution of N-Methylmorpholine N-oxide is more easily recoverable, and a closed-loop solvent system means almost no solvent is dumped into the ecosystem. Instead, it is recycled time and time again to produce new fibres and minimise harmful waste.
Lyocell is stritcly made from sustainably sourced wood, thus reducing the risk of deforestation.
Nettle, also known as Urtica Dioica, is an Europe-native herbaceous perennial flowering plant.
Thanks to its nature, nettle processing cuts down on chemicals, energy, machinery, and pollution that are often involved in producing other materials.
In fact, nettles grow vigorously everywhere, without intensive inputs such as pesticides, herbicides, or irrigation, even in fairly poor soil that is unsuitable for other crops.
Nettle is shiny, and it’s similar to the finest silks; it is even better than silk since because of its structure it is more breathable. Its fibers are hollow, making them cool in the summer and warm in the winter.
It is the most transpirant of all other natural fibres thanks to its porous core fiber, making it breathing much better than flax or linen which are more likely fibre bundles.
The strongest natural protein fibre composed mainly of Fibroin, silk is a shimmering textile known for its satin texture and famous for being a luxurious fabric.
The most common silk is produced from silkworms, small creatures which mostly live on mulberry leaves. The protecting cocoon created around themself is harvested and used for silk production.
‘When Lei Zu tried to fish out the cocoons, she found the silk thread unraveled in a never-ending line. She began to rear wild silkworms and spun to knit, Lei Zu is known as the “Goddess of Silkworms” in China.’
This eri silk has excellent qualities: it is very strong, combining the elegance of silk with the comfort of cotton and warmth of wool. The more it is worn, the softer it gets and it is a great textile to be worn all year round. Its texture, especially when woven with handspun yarn, is profoundly beautiful – always changing with the charismatic touch of imperfection.
The cultivation and weaving of wild silk are rooted in the life and culture of the people of North East India, especially in the state of Assam in India. From the various types of silk of Assam, the rather unknown eri silk is particularly fascinating, as it is processed without killing the silkworm.
Commonly silk cocoons are boiled with the worm inside to maintain one continuous filament, which results in a smooth and shiny fabric.
Interestingly the eri silkworm spins short segments of a filament and creates a cocoon that is open at one end – enabling the moth to emerge. This peace silk is, therefore, a very popular fibre among vegans and Buddhists.
For around 30 days the silkworm grows and munches on castor leaves until it reaches its final size. It then starts to spin its cocoon, which takes another 15 days. Once the moth leaves its cocoon, the silk is processed.
The empty cocoons are degummed by boiling in water, made into small cakes resembling cotton pads and then thrown against the mud houses for drying. Once the cakes are dry, they are used for spinning which is done similarly to spinning wool.
Viscose is a semi-synthetic material. It is derived from wood pulp, which is treated and spun into yarns to make fabric. Viscose is soft, lustrous and lightweight.
The term “viscose” refers to the viscous organic liquid which is regenerated into fibers for making the fabric. It often looks like silk and feels like cotton. Some of the most common trees and plants from which viscose is derived are:
Is Viscose Sustainable?
Yes, but it depends on a few factors.
Viscose is a plant-derived fiber, therefore it’s non-toxic. However, mass produced cellulose obtained through intensive cultivation sometimes involved pesticides and herbicides.
Since viscose is made from a renewable resource, it’s biodegradable, making it environment-friendly. However, Deforestation is a major environmental concern because wood cellulose is harvested by chopping trees. To takle this, sensible brands source their wood cellulose from sustainably-grown forests. its production process causes some negative environmental impacts. Sustainable growth allows for the continual use of a natural resource without depleting it or causing any environmental damage.
Sometimes, harmful chemicals such as hydrogen sulfide are found in air emissions around viscose manufacturing sites. To counteract this problem, some viscose fabric manufacturers use the lyocell process. Viscose generates significantly fewer byproducts as environmental waste. Viscose manufactured through this process is called lyocell, another type of rayon, which is commonly used to make cooling bed sheets.
Wool is an ancient fibre created by nature that has been used by man for centuries for its warmth and durability. Despite all the technological advances in alternative synthetic materials, wool remains a unique, and almost miraculous fibre with its ability to absorb a high level of moisture while simultaneously providing protection from rain showers. In addition, its resilience and natural odour resistance are unmatched.
Wool is durable, breathable, fire-resistant, odour-resistant, insulating and moisture- absorbing, which makes it a desirable fabric for many purposes, such as, clothes, carpets, furniture upholstery, bedding, cosmetics, construction and much more.
How Cool is Wool?
Wool fibre consists of a natural protein called keratin. Keratin biodegrades like the protein found in human hair and plays an important role in the composition of many related organic materials.
Due to wool’s natural origin, it’s recyclable and biodegradable. It can decompose in soil within only a year, and at the same time it gradually releases the natural fertilising nitrogen nutrients back into the ground. By contrast, synthetic fibres can take many decades to decay, potentially polluting and damaging the environment.
Wool is also a fully renewable fibre, because sheep produce new fleece every year. The animals are typically sheared once a year. This helps them be more comfortable during the warmer months. Sheep then regrow their coat over the course of the next few months to be ready in time for the cooler weather. Sheep have cloven hooves which help to promote healthy grass roots and are regularly used on mixed farms to complement the growth of other crops as they promote significantly improved soil health and fertility.
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